Question: Is a person excused because of his ignorance? For example a person goes to the graves of the Awliya to reach blessings through them, given that he does not know that this deed is greater shirk. Can you clarify with evidences from the Qur’an and Sunnah?
Answer by Shaykh ibn Baaz: One is not excused because of his ignorance when it comes to Aqeedah issues which touch upon Tawheed and Shirk if one lives amongst the Muslims, heart the Qur’an, the Sunnah and has access to question.
This one is not excused for worshipping graves, seeking protection from the graves and the likes. Rather, he is obliged to learn and understand. He is not allowed to be easygoing with this issue.
The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) asked his Lord for permission to ask for forgiveness for his mother who died under the Days of Ignorance. However, he was not granted permission.
Moreover, when a man asked him (peace and blessings be upon him) about his [own] father he (peace and blessings be upon him) responded: My father and your father are in the Fire.
He died at the Days of Ignorance (Jahiliyyah). Several scholars said that this is because they died AFTER receiving knowledge about the regulation of Ibraheem which forbids Shirk.
Presumably, his mother found out and in turn he (peace and blessings be upon him) was not granted permission to ask for her forgiveness. His father probably [also] found [out] and thus he said: ”My father and your father are in the Fire.”
If neither his (peace and blessings be upon him) father or mother who lived at the time of ignorance are excused, then one wonders what the case is with the one who lives amongst the Muslims, and has access to the scholars, hears the Qur’an and the Sunnah.
In conclusion, those who stand devotedly by the graves seeking the protection from the dead, are not excused.
They are obliged to learn themselves the religion and ask the scholars and not stay in this bad condition once they are embraced by the verses and the Ahadeeth.